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According to the Canadian Dental Association, gum disease is one of the most common dental ailments in adults. But gum disease can be easily prevented and gingivitis, for example, can be treated quite easily. And there’s a commonality in the prevention and cure: visit your Vancouver dental clinic regularly.

Here are some information regarding gum disease:

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It’s caused when plaque that hasn’t been removed from teeth hardens and becomes tartar. While plaque can be removed by brushing and flossing your teeth, tartar can only be removed by a dentist or a hygienist.

When plaque and tartar are left on teeth, the bacteria that create them will cause the gums to turn red and they become swollen. These gums also bleed easily.

Fortunately, gingivitis is very treatable. All you have to do is have a daily oral routine that includes brushing and flossing your teeth. You also need to have visit your Vancouver dental clinic regularly for a cleaning.

What is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is what happens when you leave your gingivitis untreated. It’s a serious infection of the gums and it not only damages your gums but can also destroy the bones supporting your teeth.

When your gingivitis is left untreated instead of going to the dentist, your gums become even more inflamed to the point that they pull away from your teeth and form pockets. These pockets are then filled with plaque, tartar and bacteria. As the bacteria start to collect in the pockets, these pockets become deeper and they dig deeper down the tissues of your gum.

That’s when your bones become affected or even destroyed and there’s a possibility that you will lose your teeth or other complications, which range from coronary artery disease to respiratory problem or even stroke.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

  • Brushing your teeth daily with a fluoride toothpaste.
  • Regular visits to your Vancouver dental clinic. Check-ups are important because you may have missed the signs and your dentist will be able to pick it up right away.
  • Refrain from smoking.

What can increase your risk of getting gum disease?

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Lower immunity because of another illness
  • Dry mouth
  • Having no daily dental habits or neglecting your oral health habits
  • Changes in hormones for girls and women

Warning signs

If you see these signs, you should book an appointment at your dental clinic for a checkup:

  • Your gums have changed in colour
  • They look red around your teeth
  • They bleed when you brush or floss
  • They look shiny or puffy or they feel sore

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